This post and video are about present simple tense subject, and we cover the following subjects:
- Present Simple positive.
- Present Simple Negative.
- Present Simple Question.
- Present Simple WH Question.
- Present Simple Time expressions (adverbs of frequency)
Form: Subject + base verb (Verb 1) + complement
Present Simple Positive
- I (I walk to work)
- We (We live with our parents)
- You (You ride your bike to school)
- They (They use public transportation)
- He (He works near his house)
- She (she takes the bus to work)
- It (It has blue eyes)
Present Simple positive Use:
- Permanent – we live in India.
- Routines – I wake up at 7:00 o’clock | I go to sleep at 11:00 PM
- Facts – The sun rises in the east.
- Schedules – Our class starts at 8:00 AM.
- Frequency – She always takes the bus.
- Timetable events. – The Drama Club meets every Monday at 8.30.
Spelling rules for he, she, it.
The third-person singular is formed using the following rules that must be memorized:
To most regular verbs, add an “s” at the end.
dance = dances, cook = cooks, sleep = sleeps, get = gets, take = takes, read = reads, like = likes, live = lives.
To verbs that end in s’, ss’, sh’, ch’, x’, z’, or o’, add an es’.
pass = passes, finish = finishes, watch = watches, miss = misses, search = searches, fix = fixes, Frizz = Frizzes, go = goes.
To verbs that end in y’, drop the y’ and add ies’.
study = studies, try = tries, carry = carries.
do = does, have = has, go = goes
Present Simple positive examples:
- I sleep late on weekends.
- I get up at noon.
- I work in a bookshop. My sister works in a bank (My sister = She)
- Oliva lives in London. Her parents live in Australia. (OlivA = she, her parents = they)
- It rains a lot in winter.
- John has a shower every day.
- You drink three cups of tea every night.
- Tom goes to the cinema once a month.
- I have breakfast every day.
- We have a lot of books.
- We read a lot.
- I like big cities.
- John works at home.
- My mother gets up late.
- My sister goes to school every night.
- Melissa works in Saudi Arabia.
- Sally takes an exam in May. (sally = she)
- Our English is good. We speak very well.
- Tom works very hard. He starts at 7:30 and finishes at 8 o’clock in the evening. (Tom = He)
- The earth goes round the sun. (the earth = It)
- It costs a lot of money to build a university.
- We do a lot of different things in our free time.
- The shops in the city center usually open at 9 o’clock in the morning.
We often use the present simple with: always, often, sometimes, never, and usually.
These are called: adverbs of frequency, and normally go before the main verb.
- I always watch TV after dinner.
- He often arrives late for college.
- They often forget their homework.
- Susan usually has yogurt for breakfast.
- We never give customers a refund.
- He sometimes plays tennis.
- She always plays tennis after school.
- I never go to the cinema on Fridays.
- They often read books on Fridays.
- Rama always gets to work early.
- I never eat breakfast.
- We often go away at weekends.
- I sometimes walk to work, but not very often.
Present Simple Negative
I / you / We / They
Subject + do not + base verb (verb 1) + complement
He / She / It.
Subject + does not + base verb without “s” (verb 1) + complement
- I do not understand this.
- She does not drink coffee.
- He does not like his job.
Present Simple Negative EXAMPLES
- I don’t like football.
- Mark doesn’t go to school at the weekend.
- We don’t have IT classes at our school.
- I don’t like washing the car.
- Sarah speaks Spanish, but she doesn’t speak Arabic.
- Maria doesn’t like math and physics.
- Thomas doesn’t do his job very well.
- She doesn’t often use the computer.
- I drink milk, but I don’t drink coffee.
- Susan drinks coffee, but she doesn’t drink tea (remember: in negative, don’t add ‘s’ at the end of the verb).
- William doesn’t usually have breakfast.
- My car doesn’t use much petrol. (my car = It)
- We don’t work very hard.
- You don’t watch TV very often.
- The weather is usually nice. It doesn’t rain very often.
- George and David don’t know many people. (George and David = They)
- I don’t play the piano very well.
- Anna doesn’t play the piano very well.
- You don’t know my phone number.
- He doesn’t have a bath every day.
Present Simple Question
Do / Does + subject + infinitive verb + complement.
Do you ….? Does he … ?
We use do for: (I! We! You! They).
We use does for: (He, She, It).
Yes, he does / No he doesn’t.
Yes, I do. / No, I don’t
Present Simple Question EXAMPLES
- Do you have a car? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.
- Do you have any time for sport? No, I don’t
- Does Joe go to school on Friday? No, he doesn’t.
- Do you play the guitar? Yes, I do.
- Does John work on Friday? No, he doesn’t.
- Do your parents speak English? Yes, they do.
- Does James work hard?’ ‘Yes, he does.
- Does your sister live in London?’ ‘No, she doesn’t.
- Do you like chocolate? Yes, I do.
- Do you always get up early? No, I don’t.
- Do you watch TV a lot? No, I don’t.
- Do you live in a big city? Yes, I do.
- Does your mother eat lunch at noon? Yes, she does.
- Do your friends take the bus to school? No, they don’t.
Present Simple with WH Question
Wh + do or does + subject + base verb
- When – When do you go to work? At 7:00
- Where – where do you live? I live in New York.
- Who – Who do you live with? I live with my family.
- Why – Why do you sleep early? Because I get up early.
- Which – Which one do you prefer? The red one.
- What – what do you do in your free time? I read books.
- How – How does your sister go to school? She goes to school by bus.
WH Question EXAMPLES
- What time do you get up on Fridays? I get up at 11 o’clock.
- What time does your brother have dinner? He has it at 8 o’clock.
- When do they take the subway? On Tuesdays and Thursdays.
- What time do you go home on Saturdays? At 5 PM.
- What do you do on Friday nights? We play video games.
- When do you study? In the evening.
- Who do you look like? I look like my father.
- Where does your brother come from? He comes from Saudi Arabia.
- When do you wake up? I wake up at 6:30 AM.
- Why do they have 2 houses? They have a lot of money.
- How do I drive to Australia? you take the highway.
- When do you finish college? Next year.
- Who doesn’t understand what the teacher has explained?
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