What is Conjunctive Adverbs?
Conjunctive adverbs join two independent clauses. These can either be two separate sentences, or they can be joined into a single complex sentence with a semicolon.
They (also called linking adverbs or connecting adverbs) are a specific type of conjunction. Conjunctions are used to join together words, phrases, or clauses. they are specifically used to connect two independent clauses.
- The English language school offers discounted English language courses. There’s also a library where you can study and borrow books.”
- Jen hadn’t enjoyed the play; nevertheless, she recommended it to her friend.
The most common conjunctive adverbs
- Adding info
- Unexpected result
Result Conjunctive Adverbs
- The weather forecast predicts rain; accordingly, I will bring my umbrella.
- Jen hadn’t enjoyed the play; as a result, she didn’t recommend it.
- The thunder and lightning were intense; consequently, the crowd dispersed.
- Brian didn’t study for the test; hence, he failed.
- We had very different opinions; therefore, we went our separate ways.
- Your mother and I were married fifteen years ago; thus, our family began.
Comparison Conjunctive Adverbs
- Sam always wanted to be a famous movie star; comparatively, his brother wanted to be a famous rock star.
- Sam always wanted to be a movie star; equally, his brother dreamed of starring in films.
- Jen grew up in New York; likewise, her boyfriend was raised in the city.
- Jen grew up in New York City; similarly, her boyfriend grew up in inner-city Chicago.
Contrast – CA
- It was the wettest June since 1997 in England and Wales. Contrarily, the far north of Scotland was dry.
- He didn’t like eating tomatoes as a child; conversely, ketchup is his primary food source today.
- Jen is terrible at math; however, her friend is amazing at it, so she helps her.
- What lies behind you and what lies in front of you, pales in comparison to what lies inside of you.
- Tom has a black backpack; in contrast, his brother has a white one.
- I would have liked to stay in bed all day; instead, I got up and went to the park.
- I absolutely love singing; on the other hand, my sister hates it.
- A lot of my fears come out in my work rather than life.
Adding info – CA
- Her favorite animals are dogs; also, she likes cats.
- I heard this movie is terrible; besides, I hate horror films.”
- When you make the dinner, remember that he doesn’t like chicken; in addition, he can’t eat shellfish.
- Two miles further on we came to a small town.
- He was fired because he was often late; furthermore, the quality of his work was poor.
- Being a doctor is an exhausting job; moreover, you don’t earn good money until you’ve been practicing for many years.
Unexpected result – CA
- That car cost far too much money; nevertheless, Tom bought it.”
- I am terrible at math; nonetheless, I passed my exam!”
- She has never been to France; surprisingly, she speaks French fluently.
- I wrote to them last month and I’m still waiting for a reply.
Emphasis – CA
- I didn’t study as much as I should have; indeed, I hardly opened a book!
- He doesn’t like swimming very much; in fact, he hates all sports!”
- You have to come with me; otherwise, I’m not going.
- Maybe she didn’t study very hard; otherwise, she would have passed the test.
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